Tips to prevent tooth & gum disease

Tips to Prevent Tooth Disease

How to avoid gum & tooth disease, which can cause additional health issues for your whole body.

Gum and tooth disease affects us all at one stage or another, however, once it has started and remains unchecked, it can cause various issues within your mouth, such as receding, swollen and bleeding gums and loose teeth due to rotting bones. Your body also finally feels the effects too as studies have found that severe oral infections can cause heart disease.

Oral diseases do not discriminate, however, women are more susceptible to gum and tooth disease due to several key body changes that influence hormones. These developments may sometimes require medication, which, along with the production of oestrogen and progesterone, lead to changes in the teeth and gums. Once ladies are more aware of these influences on their mouths, they can be more aware of the condition of their gums and teeth.

Disease of teeth and gums can start without notice and ultimately develop into periodontal and gingivitis concerns, all of which can be avoided with the correct dental hygiene. Many think that age plays a big factor in losing your teeth, but studies have found that a terrible diet, inconsistent dental hygiene, and hormonal imbalances are the biggest contributing factors to mouth disease. The effects can be avoided with simple preventative measures such as a daily 3-part oral hygiene routine, which includes:


This is absolutely essential as it reaches the parts between the teeth, which a toothbrush cannot. Flossing once a day – generally in the evening – ensures you remove food particles along the gum line and between the teeth.


Brushing after meals, particularly desserts, removes residual food particles that get trapped along the gum lining. Bacteria is also a big fan of the tongue, so make sure you give it a good scrub towards the end of brushing your teeth.


Using a dentist-approved mouthwash after a thorough brushing can drastically reduce the chances of tum and tooth disease. The idea with mouthwash is that it is the last step in your oral hygiene. This gets to those parts that the brush and the floss cannot reach.

Several factors that lead to gum disease, include:

  • Smoking
  • Diet
  • Genes
  • Inconsistent brushing and flossing

High sugary foods have particularly devastating long-term effects on teeth because sugar sticks to the teeth and lining, and without correct brushing and mouthwash, these tiny particles begin to erode the enamel eventually causing cavities or if unnoticed, gum erosion.

Gum disease often only becomes obvious after the bleeding and swelling of gums or loose teeth due to erosion of the bones and this is when gingivitis or periodontitis becomes apparent. This disease refers to the infection of the gum that seals against your tooth; this particular part of the gum becomes weakened and starts to move away from the tooth, creating a ‘periodontal pocket’ (space) between the gum and the tooth. Old food, plaque and bacteria fill the pockets, which then become infected and start to swell.

These are the advanced stages of gum disease; consult a Periodontist who specialises in gum disease for expert advice. Periodontal treatment will require scaling, which is when the inside of the teeth and gums are thoroughly cleaned on a regular basis.

You can avoid all of this if you keep up regular dental visits, be consistent with your oral hygiene and avoid sugary snacks, however, if you must indulge, brush immediately after consumption; rinse your mouth out with water after meals; never assume that you will not be affected by gum disease if you don’t floss, brush and rinse regularly. For more tips on the prevention of gum and tooth disease, and dentists who care, visit us here.